The name Captain Marvel for a breif time was used by and African-American woman named Monica Rambeau. She was created by Roger Stern and John Romita Jr. in 1982 and first appeared in Amazing Spider-Man Annual #16. Monica was an officer in the New Orleans Harbor Patrol. A family friend came to her for help. He was Professor Andre LeClare. He had just invented an dimensional energy tapping device. However, he found out that his backers were planning on using it for dangerous weapons and not to help humanity like he had planned. So he and Monica decided to destroy the prototype weapon. In the process Monica was bathed in the energy and gained the power to change her body to pure energy and back. The Professor urged her to use her powers to become a super powered cirmefighter. Monica took the advice and quit the Harbor Patrol to be a full time superhero. In her first outing the media named her Captain Marvel. In a short time Captain Marvel was asked to join the Avengers. She served them well and rose to the top when the Wasp stepped down from the leader position. With the backing of Captain America Monica was elected to the chairperson position. She did a good job in that position until she was gravely wounded during an adventure. Marrina, a reserve member of the Avengers, grew into a giant sea monster. While still in her energy form Captain Marvel hit the sea water. Her atoms were spread across the entire ocean floor and she was barely able to get her form back together. Her powers were gone and she had to leave the Avengers. She rested and her powers came back. She only joined the Avengers as a reserve member but has not come back full time. When Captain Mar-vell's son showed up she gave the name Captain Marvel to him and since then she has been known as Photon and Pulsar. Monica has recently been a member of the Highest Anti-Terrorism Effort (H.A.T.E.) in the book Nextwave. Just as recently Monica has joined Captain America's Secret Avengers in his battle in the Civil War series.